Every man and woman, boy or girl craves to look good and be appreciated by people around them. Some people are actually pretty but the spots of acne on their face change their look. Everyone in the world would be wonderstruck if they are totally able to prevent acne.
What are the Main Causes of Acne Breakouts?
Nobody till today has discovered the exact cause for acne. Scientists and medical experts state that there are several factors that lead to acne. Some of the factors that cause acne are hormone levels, heredity factors, constantly poor maintenance of skin and many other external factors.
A hormone known as androgen rises both in boys and girls during puberty and thus gives rise to acne. The sebaceous glands in our body enlarge and thus secrete more sebum and causes acne. Recent studies have revealed that most of the school-going children who had developed acne have a family history of this disease.
Most of the woman and girls develop acne 2 to 3 days before their menstrual cycle. Some of the woman who are already suffering from acne worsen the outlook of their pimples 2 to 7 days before their menstrual cycle. During the pregnancy cycle some woman develop acne or some woman develop this discomfort immediately after stopping the intake of birth control pills. Emotional factors like stress and tension leads to acne.
The consumption of certain drugs like androgens, lithium, barbiturates, cause acne. Nowadays woman and teenagers frequently use cosmetics and this makes the skin greasy. The cosmetics literally stick to the skin and thus the smooth texture of the skin is lost.
Woman who are already suffering from acne can still make their skin become worse. Some of them harshly rub the skin, try to squeeze the scars, apply cream frequently and thus worsen the acne.
Dietary habits and foods also cause acne. Most of the people believe that oily food items and chocolates cause acne. But recently the researchers have proved that these foods do not cause much effect to the acne formation. It is not true that dirty skin causes acne as most of the people believe it that way.
Most of the scientists have stated that the problem of acne cannot be completely eradicated but an individual can avail treatment. Anyhow, everybody should remember that a person is not committing a mistake if acne occurs to him. If the children are developing acne, the parents blame the child for not maintaining the skin properly.
If you are about to start the problem of acne, then the symptoms will be easily noticeable by you. Blemish occurs on your skin 2 to 3 weeks before it appears on your skin. Pores are the tiny holes present in your skin. Sebaceous glands that are present beneath the hair follicles produce oil into the skin.
In this way, the old cells die and the new skins regenerates itself. When the old cells are shedding off, they may shed evenly or may shed off unevenly. When they shed off unevenly, they become sticky and hence form in the shape of a tiny cork. This cork-shaped acne is filled with oil and bacteria inside.
Hence is caused by many factors that are even uncontrollable. Shedding of the skin takes places to renew the new skin. The shedding takes place evenly or unevenly and you just can’t just help it. The rate of sebum production also influences your hormone balance. Why some people produce excess sebum and some produce less? This question has not been answered by anybody yet.
If you are sure that you will develop acne just because your elders in the family are already attacked by this discomfort, then you can take some preventive measures. You cannot of course, prevent acne but you can wisely think of the right treatment. If you understand the main causes of acne, you can begin the treatment as soon as possible and develop a smooth skin texture as fast as possible.
5 Main Factors Which Contribute To Acne
- Hormones. At the time of puberty, a hormone known as androgen causes the sebaceous glands to enlarge and hence secrete excess oil. The young girls or boys notice some unusual symptoms before puberty. The parents of the teenagers must advise them to take care of the skin before they enter into puberty stage. It is the role of the parents to take care of the children during this period.
- Extra sebum. The extra sebum mixes with the dead skin cells or bacteria when it moves towards the hair follicles. This process is very natural but if the sebum is produced excessively, then it results in acne.
- Follicle: In the normal process, the follicle shed all the old skin cells to renew the new skin. In some persons, the sebaceous glands are overactive and hence cells cannot be shed unevenly. The cells shed faster and hence produce more and more sebum. The young girl and boy must take more care of the skin if she or he has the family history of oily skin.
- Bacteria: Normally, bacteria are present in the skin. They are useful because they maintain the sebum in the body. But, when the hair follicles are plugged, the bacteria multiplies and thus cause chemical reactions. In this way, inflammation is caused to the skin and acne scars appear.
- Inflammation: if the unwanted bacteria grows, it creates chemical reactions to the skin and thereby cause inflammation. This process is known as chemotaxis. Due to the inflammation, the scars appear on the skin that are red and swollen. It causes pain to the person.
A person suffering from acne should know the type of discomfort she is suffering from. There are many types of acne and the treatment of acne also differs. Some of them face severe skin problems and some of them face it mildly.
The scientists of course, are conducting deep research about the real cause of acne. They are carefully observing when the symptoms begin in a woman. Some say that some woman face the symptoms exactly 2 to 3 days before the menstrual cycle. They are finding out the type of pills that drastically cause this problem.
7 Home Remedies for Pimples and Oily Skin
Acne can come from a variety of sources. Acne can be caused by bacteria, an excess of oil in the skin, clogged pores, a hormonal imbalance, and poor hygiene. Because of this, there are plenty of products on the market designed to help combat acne. However, you don’t have to pay for expensive treatments for this condition.
Before you do, we recommend taking a look at some items you may already have in your kitchen or in your bathroom. It may be possible for you to save money while at the same time using a more natural approach to removing acne with these seven home remedies for acne.
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera leaves contain a sap that is extremely good for the skin, making it a prime component of many skin products. Aloe Vera is a succulent plant, very similar to the cactus. Aloe Vera sap contains polysaccharides and gibberellins that fight bacteria. These substances also have two important functions that can help fight acne:
- they can fight off inflammation, allowing damaged skin to heal better
- and astringent properties that can help heal your skin faster.
Aloe Vera has some very impressive properties including helping you balance the moisture in your skin, stimulate the growth of new skin, and heal difficult to remove acne scars. To apply Aloe Vera, clean your face and dry it well it is important to avoid using soap to clean your face since that will dry your skin and cause acne flareups; instead, use lukewarm water with salt.
Once your skin is dry, use a cotton ball to apply aloe vera juice or gel all over your entire face. You can also use a fresh leaf of aloe vera. Peel the leaf, taking extra care to remove all the prickly components, and then apply the aloe vera leaf directly to the affected spot on your skin. Once the aloe vera has dried completely, use lukewarm water to rinse. Repeat every day for best results.
- Baking Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, also known as baking soda, is a historically proven home remedy for acne which is quite popular. Baking soda has amphoteric properties, depending that it can act as both a base and an acid depending on the circumstances. Because of this, sodium bicarbonate is ideal for balancing pH levels in your skin.
Imbalanced pH levels in the skin are one of the major contributors to acne. Baking soda also has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, although these are quite mild. However, they can help soothe damaged skin. Baking soda grains also work to exfoliate the skin without being too harsh.
To use baking soda as an acne remedy:
- mix equal quantities of baking soda and water or lemon juice to create a paste.
- use your fingertips to exfoliate your damp skin using this paste
- rinse the paste away with lukewarm water
- repeat every two or three days
- Apple Cider
Vinegar Apple cider vinegar has may of the same properties of baking soda when it comes to balancing the pH levels of your skin. Apple cider vinegar is also an effective killer of harmful bacteria and, thanks to its malic and lactic acid, it will also help to soften and exfoliate your skin, allowing you to get rid of oil buildup and clogged pores.
To use apple cider vinegar as an acne home remedy:
- mix one part of apple cider vinegar with three parts of water
- with a cotton ball wipe the affected area (avoid letting this come near your eyes!)
- after 10 minutes, rinse with lukewarm water
- this can be done up to 3 times per day.
- Hydrogen Peroxide
H2O2, or hydrogen peroxide is an effective way to kill acne-causing bacteria. Its oxygenating properties are also effective at unclogging your pores, making it an effective way to prevent acne as well. You should use a 3% solution, the same that is sold to help disinfect small cuts. Use every day if you are going through an acne breakout. There is no need to rinse hydrogen peroxide, but always apply to a clean and dry face.
- Lemon Juice
The L-ascorbic acid in lemon juice is an effective way of reducing oil build-up in your skin. Like apple cider vinegar, lemon juice can also be used as an exfoliant and as a mild antiseptic and also as a acne scar removal technique. Bottled lemon juice should be avoided due to its lack of certain active compounds.
Instead, use freshly squeezed lemon juice diluted with water. For best results, leave it on your skin for at least half an hour. In fact, lemon juice treatments can be left on your skin overnight daily or every few days if you have sensitive skin. There are studies to suggest that green tea for acne can be beneficial.
- Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil comes from an Australian shrub. It has powerful compounds known as terpenoids that are effective antiseptics. Scientific studies have shown that using tea tree oil every day is just as effective for treating non-severe acne as using benzoyl peroxide, the active ingredient of most over the counter acne medication.
However, tea tree oil will heal your skin more gradually than medication, also avoiding unwanted irritation or drying. Tea tree oil is quite strong and should always be diluted before applying to the skin.
Half a teaspoon of tea tree oil can be mixed with two tablespoons of water and applied to the skin with a cotton ball one or two times per day. For best results, dilute tea tree oil with aloe vera juice instead of water.
- Witch Hazel
The tannins in witch hazel give it a strong astringent effect. This means that witch hazel can be used to reduce excessive oil build-up in the skin or to soothe inflamed or damaged skin. Witch hazel also has antiseptic properties that allow it to get rid of unwanted bacteria. Avoid witch hazel with added fragrances, especially since it tends to contain alcohol, a notable skin drier. Do not apply witch hazel to the skin for more than three times per day!
Should I Take Antibiotics For Acne?
Acne is a common skin disorder that affects mostly teens but this condition can also affect people of all ages. Also known as acne vulgaris, it is basically characterized by the proliferation of a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes which is actually a normal bacteria that is found on the surface of the skin. This type of bacteria feeds on sebum and dirt trapped in the hair follicles, which causes destruction of the lining of the hair follicle causing an inflammatory response.
This is when antibiotics for acne can be used. Antibiotics are prescribed to control bacteria growth and to reduce the inflammatory process. Along with antibiotic therapy for acne, a rigorous skin care regimen is advised which consists of a facial wash, a cleanser and sometimes oral supplements to help reduce acne through improving skin health and tissue regeneration.
Antibiotics for acne are very effective and may be prescribed two at a time to prevent bacteria resistance. It is often prescribed for 7 to 10 days or sometimes longer and to be taken twice or three times a day. Antibiotics may also be given orally for severe types of acne and topically for acne that is less severe and inflamed.
What Are The Different Acne Antibiotics?
- Tetracycline – this type of antibiotics is the most widely used to treat moderate to severe cases of acne. A usual does of 250 to 500mg twice a day is the ideal starting dose. The treatment is continued until a significant change is seen on the acne lesions. Aside from acne, this medication is also used in the treatment for rosacea and perioral dermatitis.
Although a very effective medication to treat skin disorders, there are side effects that accompany tetracycline use like changes in appetite, gastrointestinal disorders, headaches, weight loss and stained teeth.
- Erythromycin – is another antibiotic for acne which is preferred over tetracycline since it can significantly reduce redness in acne lesions as well as kill bacteria that causes acne. It is taken with food to reduce gastric upset plus can be used even by pregnant women.
- Minocycline – is an antibiotic for acne derived from tetracycline. It is very useful for pustular type of acne starting with a dose of 50 to 100mg twice a day. Just like tetracycline, there are some side effects that you should remember like skin pigmentation changes, discoloration of teeth, gastric upset and dizziness.
- Doxycycline – this antibiotic for acne is beneficial for people who cannot tolerate erythromycin or tetracycline. Therapeutic dose starts at 50 to 100mg twice a day but must be taken with food to minimize gastric upset. Using this antibiotic makes you more vulnerable to sunburns as compared to using tetracycline.
- Clindamycin – is an antibiotic for acne that is proven to be very effective in the treatment of pimples and acne. It not only reduces the population of acne causing bacteria but also decreases inflammation which is common in acne infections. This antibiotic is often used topically but may cause excessive skin dryness and irritation.
If your dermatologist prescribes clindamycin, be sure to follow directions for use otherwise bacterial resistance can occur. Clindamycin starts at a therapeutic dose of 75 to 150mg twice a day. Although the “drug of choice” by most dermatologist in fighting the P. acnes bacteria, it can cause an intestinal infection called pseudomembranous colitis which is caused by proliferation of the bacteria, Clostridium difficile.
- Sodium Sulfacetamide – is another topical antibiotic for acne that stops the growth of the P. acnes bacteria and opens clogged pores. This antibiotic is prescribed for most forms of severe acne since preparations also contain sulfur which can also help decrease skin inflammation.
What Are The Common Side Effects Of Antibiotics For Acne?
Antibiotics for acne may cause the proliferation of Candida albicans causing yeast infections of the vagina for women and yeast infections of the oral cavity. Tetracyclines and its derivatives have severe side effects like gastric upset, headaches, skin and teeth discoloration upon long term use and dizziness. Safety should always be the utmost priority when taking acne antibiotics whether topical or oral preparation.
Antibiotics for acne can also lessen the effect of contraceptive pills. The P. Acnes bacteria can become resistant to antibiotic treatment and thus must be used along with a broad spectrum antibiotic or the prescription changed as soon as acne is unresponsive to treatment. Antibiotics are often prescribed for 6 months or less and a higher dosage is initially given to intensely fight the P. acnes bacteria. When there is noticeable development in acne, the dose is gradually lessened until the acne lesions are reduced.
When You Are Prescribed With Antibiotics For Acne, Here Are Several Tips You Need To Remember:
- Always follow your doctor’s prescription, never miss a dose. If you do miss a single dose, take one as soon as you remember and take the next dose on the time it is specified.
- Make sure to ask your doctor if the medication should be taken with or without food.
- Avoid direct sun exposure, some acne antibiotics makes your skin sensitive to light. Wear sunscreen or do not go out in the sun at all.
- Talk to your doctor about allergies to antibiotics before you are given a prescription for acne. Have a skin test or allergy test first to confirm any hypersensitivity.
- Combine acne antibiotics with a rigorous skin care regimen. Wash skin with a mild cleanser before applying topical antibiotics. Avoid wearing makeup or heavy skin moisturizers while you are using topical antibiotics.
- Now is the perfect time to quit smoking and drinking alcohol to make antibiotic and other skin care treatments work.
- Follow up after a week or as advised by your dermatologist. Consult any possible side effects of antibiotic therapy especially worsening conditions of acne.
- If you are on birth control pills, talk to your dermatologist about the possibility of using antibiotics since these medications can lessen the effect of oral contraceptives.
- Important Note About Using Antibiotics for Acne
- Antibiotics will either work well or not work at all. You may need to take them for at least 12 weeks for your doctor to see if it is effective or not.
- Antibiotics for acne kills both good and bad bacteria in your body so consider taking probiotics, it will help in replenishing the lost good bacteria in your system.