- What are the Treatment Options for Nodular Acne?
- What is a Good Treatment for Acne Papules?
- What are Pustules and How Do You Treat Them?
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Nodulocystic acne or nodules is a severe form of acne that is often characterized by numerous, deep, inflamed nodules and large, pus-filled lesions that resembles cysts. These nodules tend to be very tender to touch and firm. The severe inflammation may cause the acne to become very red or sometimes even purple.
Nodules can be very painful to remove and often leave scars behind. These nodules are usually found on the chest, the back, the shoulders, the buttocks, the thighs, the upper arms, and the face.
- What Are the Symptoms of Nodules?
Acne nodules are swollen and often inflamed lumps, raised up on the skin layers. They are red in appearance and can be very sore when touched. Acne nodules can leave a scar, depending on its severity. Also, acne nodules should be treated as early as possible, if not, it can turn into cystic acne and can cause further problems.
- What Are the Causes of Nodular Acne?
The actual cause of nodules can be very difficult to understand, but acne nodules can be the result of sebum overproduction, bacteria build up and shedding of dead skin. Other causes of acne nodules can be dietary habits, hormonal imbalance, lack of required water content in the body and excessive use of harmful cosmetic products.
What are the Treatment Options for Nodular Acne?
How to Treat Acne Nodules with Topical Treatments?
Benzoyl peroxide can be used to get rid of acne nodules by removing dead cells on the skin, thus preventing the appearance of comedones. It has been known to be as one of the safe way of clearing acne among experts for decades and is still rising in popularity. But, the only side effect that arises from using benzoyl peroxide is the abnormal dry skin. However, benzoyl peroxide treatment will not help for patients suffering from severe acne nodules.
Retinoid is a synthetic vitamin A formulation, which helps to clear acne nodules by making the skin to increase shedding and reducing the occurrence of blocked pores that lead to nodules. They are well known for their ability to decrease wrinkles and fine lines, making them very popular in youth serums and wrinkle creams.
How to Get Rid of Acne Nodules with Oral Medications?
Isotretinoin is an oral medication that is used in the most severe cases of acne nodules. It functions by dealing with the issue of sebum overproduction. Isoretinoin reduces the oil production considerably which prevents the pores from being clogged. Isoretinoin has been found to be one of the most effective treatments for acne nodules.
Isoretinoin, which is also known as Accutane, is prepared from large doses of vitamin A. The treatment is taken for over 4 to 6 months to be effective. Most people taking Accutane for acne nodules get cured from it almost permanently. But some people experience further acne breakouts after, but testify that the frequency and intensity of acne breakouts greatly declined.
Also, Accutane is not recommended for women of child bearing age unless a form of contraception is used along with it. This is because the high concentration of vitamin A in Accutane can cause birth defects. Other Accutane side effects include skin peeling, rashes, dry lips and headaches.
Acne nodules are often cleared using oral antibiotics. These antibiotics work by clearing the bacteria that causes acne. Commonly prescribed antibiotics in the treatment of acne nodules include tetracycline, doxycline, minocycline and erythromycin. These medications may also help to clear other infections in the body while preventing acne from forming on the face, back, chest, and other common areas.
- Hormonal Treatment
Another method of treatment used exclusively for women in the treatment of acne nodules is hormone therapy. Hormone treatment uses very low estrogen contraceptive pills or anti-androgen drugs like spironolactone to get rid of acne nodules. This type of nodular acne treatment also works by reducing the sebum production, like isotretinoin.
Acne Nodules Home Remedies
- Tea Tree Oil
Acne is often the result of clogged pores, whereas acne nodules involve infecting the surrounding skin areas as well. Using an astringent like tea tree oil, may help to fight topical bacteria and blemishes. Tea tree oil is a natural antibacterial agent. Mixing a few drops of tea tree oil with aloe vera gel or water and applied directly on the skin with a piece of clean cotton pad will help to get rid of acne nodules in some cases.
- Aloe Vera
The clear, sticky gel of the plant aloe barbadensis has analgesic and skin healing properties. Aloe vera gel when applied directly to the skin and acne lesions helps to decrease discomfort, redness and inflammation from the nodules. The best source of aloe gel can be directly obtained an aloe plant.
Echinacea helps to boost the immune system and fights cold. This herb has wound healing properties but sometimes has a propensity to stimulate allergies. Echinacea is available in the form of pills, teas and juices. It is available in the form of over-the-counter herbal supplement.
What are the Other Forms of Acne Nodules Treatment?
- Laser Therapy
Laser treatment is another viable option for acne nodules. The laser has the potential to destroy bacteria P. Acnes that causes infection and inflammation in the skin pores. Another important benefit of laser therapy is its ability to remove acne scarring that often accompanies with acne nodules. The treatment using laser has come a long way since its first use for acne nodule treatment. The use of laser has been extended from not only fair skinned people, but also to people of different shades from light to dark.
- Surgical Treatments for Nodular Acne
Other methods that are available for the treatment of acne nodules includes injecting cortisone drug directly in to the affected areas. This will certainly help in reducing swelling and the pain associated with acne nodules. Another treatment possibility is surgical excision, where the solidified sebum or offending tissue is cut from under the skin. This procedure is usually done by a surgeon.
Therapy for acne nodules may also involve a multi-pronged approach, which employs various treatment options and supplementing it with a cleansing routine. It is always essential that a patient who is undergoing treatment for acne nodules should follow doctor’s recommendation to attain good result.
What is a Good Treatment for Acne Papules?
- What are Papules?
Papules are a type of acne with small solid, rounded bumps rising from the skin surface. They can either be brownish, purple, pink or red in color. Papules open easily on scratching making them prone to infection. In addition to that, they have different shapes and sometimes are associated with crusts or scales.
Papules can cause some chronic conditions like Lichen Planus, which is a skin disease that forms polygonal, purple papules. Papules are unique from other types of acne in that, they contain no pus. They occur after a break of follicular wall, which allows white blood cells to rush in, causing the pores to become inflamed.
Some papules are caused by infection of an STD while others are genetic. However, papules are not caused by dirty skin pores instead they are as a result of clogged pores. When the pores become clogged, they overproduce oil, which is located in the follicle glands. This oil production causes stickiness and trapping of bacteria and dead skin cells. In turn this causes the formation of papules or other types of acne.
Papules can either be treated through medicines or natural home remedies.
Medical Treatment for Papules
There are several medical treatments for papules:
- Medical Prescription
- Electrodesiccation With Curettage
- Radio Surgery
- Carbon Dioxide Laser Treatment
- Medicines may be prescribed by a dermatologist or a physician to treat papules. Some of the most useful and popular medications include: topical antibiotics like erthromycin which kill bacteria so as to reduce inflammation. Other medicine prescriptions may be in form of antibiotics in pill form like minocycline or tetracycline.
- Electrodesiccation with curettage engages scrapping the papules under local anesthesia. Although this method is effective, it can result in scarring and the skin can also lose its elasticity after healing.
- Radio surgery treatment of papules is another treatment method used by many surgeons to avoid scarring and bleeding. This method uses radio waves instead of electricity, making sure that the surrounding tissues are not damaged. Before the surgery is started, 30% of an anesthetic cream called lidocaine is applied. The recovery period after radio surgery usually ranges from 7 to 10 days. This papules treatment method is however not applicable to people suffering from diabetes mellitus, and those with a history of keloids.
- Carbon dioxide laser is another papules treatment method intended to reduce anxiety and also improve confidence to people suffering from papules. It evaporates papule bumps without affecting the skin. It has a recovery period of 1 to 2 weeks. However, this method has risks of scarring, bruising and numbness.
How to Get Rid of Papules with Natural Home Remedies?
Natural treatment methods are a bit cheaper than medical treatments, and therefore are the most popular treatment options for many papules sufferers. Tea tree oil is among the most common natural remedies for treating papules. The oil is an anti-bacterial substance, which when applied on the papules, aids the immune system in killing the bacteria causing the papules and consequently reduces the inflammation.
To apply, a cotton swab is dabbed into tea tree oil, and then gently applied onto the papules, usually before going to bed. In the morning, the oil should be rinsed well. When used together with Vitamin E supplements, tea tree oil speeds up the healing process and also produces long term solution.
Another natural remedy used in treatment of papules is apple cider vinegar. This remedy also cures the papules by killing the bacteria and also by balancing the skin’s pH level. In addition to that, it absorbs excessive oil from the skin, preventing further spread of papules. Application of apple cider vinegar involves diluting the apple cider vinegar in water in the ratio of 1:3.
The solution is then applied directly on the skin using a clean, soft cloth, which should be held in that position for about 10 minutes. After that the solution should be rinsed well. This procedure should be done at least 3 times in a day, however; in severe conditions, the solution should be left unrinsed over the night. Moreover, severe conditions can use a solution of the ratio of 2:3, with the 2 parts being the vinegar and the 3 being water.
Another helpful remedy for treating papules is using coriander and mint juice. This remedy uses a mixture of one teaspoon of coriander juice, combined with a pinch of turmeric powder. Before application, the skin should be washed and dried well and then the mixture is applied before going to bed. Mint juice can also be used instead of coriander in this natural treatment of papules.
Castor oil can also be used to treat papules. This natural treatment method involves applying the Castor oil in the affected skin part, and covering the area with a clean bandage for about 30 minutes. Large quantities of Castor oil are used in this treatment.
Another common and popular homemade remedy for treating papules is toothpaste. Almost all toothpaste brands contain antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agents that can help in treating papules. Before application, it is recommended that the skin area with papules be washed with baby soaps and then pat dried.
Toothpaste should be applied directly on the papules and then left untouched for about 20 minutes. After that the white spots of the toothpaste should be rinsed well to avoid inflammation. Other natural homemade remedies include: honey, calamine lotion, eucalyptus oil, aloe Vera, egg whites, aspirin, oatmeal and saturation with water.
Personal hygiene should be emphasized when you want to eradicate papules. This should be done by taking a warm shower or bath at least twice daily. Moreover, it is recommended that you wash your face before going to bed every day. It is also important to change any facial wash that contains oil with oil free ones.
This avoids pore clogging and reduces the chance of getting papules. Avoiding direct sunlight is also known to help in eradicating papules. Most homemade remedies offer a complete healing and have no side effects. Another advantage of homemade remedies is that they are made of natural compounds which are rubbed on the skin area and then rinsed off; this makes sure that no chemicals are added to the body.
What are Pustules and How Do You Treat Them?
By definition, a pustule is an elevated lesion of skin with definite boundaries. A pustule can appear on the skin because of a number of reasons, most common one being acne. An acne pustule is a type of spot which appears as a red circle with a white or yellow center.
Pustules or zits are dome shaped and filled with pus which is a mixture of dead cells, bacteria and white blood cells. Pustules seldom leave any scars and they should not be confused with papules which are smaller in size and can leave acne scar marks. Pustules are a relatively mild form of acne with a variety of treatment options.
- Pustules Causes – Why They Form?
Pustules form on those areas of the body which have more sebaceous glands (oil secreting glands). These glands secrete sebum, natural oil in the skin, and are more numerous on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, back and upper arm. Pustules form when the skin secretes excess sebum, which then hardens and clogs the pores of the skin.
This obstruction is called a comedone. When a comedone blocks the opening of a pore, it creates an oxygen-less environment which is favourable for the growth and multiplication of the acne bacteria. The pores are then infected by bacteria, dead skin cells and dirt particles. Due to this infection, redness and inflammation occurs.
Causes of excess sebum production are a surge in hormones, genetics, oily cosmetics, friction with clothing and exposure to pollutants in the air and humidity. Some medicines like cortisone also encourage pustule formation. A hormonal imbalance is the most well known cause of acne pustules, as acne is associated with teen years. This is also the reason why women see acne breakout just before their periods, or on taking contraceptive pills and also in the years leading to menopause.
- What Are the Effects of Pustules?
Pustules do not do any permanent damage to the skin. But presence of pustules in highly visible areas like face and neck may cause psychological and emotional problems like dissatisfaction with their looks, embarrassment, depression, anger, poor self-image, frustration, low self-esteem and low confidence levels. Some sensitive individuals may go so far as to withdraw from friends and society.
What Are the Acne Pustules Treatments?
Treatment depends upon the severity of the condition. Mild cases may require just washing the face regularly with a gentle soap and application of topical products like ointments and creams containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Retinoids and Salicylic Acids.
In combination with topical agents, sometimes oral antibiotics may also be given. Commonly used antibiotics for this condition are Doxycycline, Minocycline, Trimethoprim, Azithromycin or Erythromycin to control the bacteria. The effects of the treatment begin to be visible only after 6 weeks or so. Hence one has to be patient and regular with the treatment.
If there is no visible improvement after 2 months of regular usage, then some other line of treatment may have to be explored. Apart from the medical treatment, there are a number of other alternatives in the market for treating acne pustules. One of the most popular products is a formula called Exposed which helps treat pustules and prevent more breakouts.
If acne does not respond to topical and oral treatment, the doctor can resort to minor surgical procedures to treat pustules and reduce pain. Surgical drainage may be done to drain out the pus and reduce infection. Surgical extraction of lesions can also be done, but a high level of skill is required for this procedure. Other procedures to treat pustules include Chemical peeling. Glycolic acid is used to remove the upper layer of dead skin.
Microdermabrasion – very small particles at high speed are used to remove the dead layer of skin cells. Blue light is commonly used to treat acne. Laser Skin Resurfacing is a treatment used for removing acne scars and smoothing it out.
Homeopathic Treatment for Acne Pustules
Homeopathy is a form of alternative medicine and is supposed to be very effective for clearing up acne. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole along with the specific pathological condition and uses substances like Sulphur, Sanguinaria, Belladonna, Calcarea silicata, Antimonium, Arsenicum, etc. as remedies for pustules.
How to Get Rid of Pustules with Natural Remedies?
These are gentle as well as effective. One of the factors that worsen acne is stress. So control stress by keeping calm and getting plenty of exercise. Exercise releases endorphins – the feel good hormones of the body, shapes up the body, and increases self-esteem. All these factors aid in reducing stress levels. Yoga is a particularly good way of calming your nerves, keeping stress away and exercising.
Use natural products from the kitchen – cucumber and white vinegar blended and applied to the face for 10 to 15 min will draw out the toxins from the skin and provide moisture free of oils. Wash it off with warm water and pat dry the face instead of rubbing.
Green Tea extract is one of the top natural acne treatments. It is full of anti-oxidants and can clear up the skin while also preventing future breakouts of pustules. One can also try Vitamin E capsules and Vitamin E gel to apply directly on the pustules.