- 3 Weird and Uncommon Form of Acne – What Are They?
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Acne Vulgaris is classified by its severity, from mild acne where there are just whiteheads and blackheads, to cystic acne, the most severe type where medical attention will be needed. Even more severe types of acne like Acne Conglobata, Gram-Negative Folliculitis and Acne Fulimans are rare and they are very painful to those who have it.
Classifying the type of acne is a very important step because if you know the type of acne you have, your doctor or dermatologist will be able to find the right treatment for your skin problem. Using the wrong product can worsen the condition.
- There are Several Types of Acne:
Mild to Moderate (Acne Vulgaris)
Severe (Acne Vulgaris)
- Cystic Acne
- Acne Rosacea
Severe Forms of Acne
- Acne Conglobata
- Gram-Negative Folliculitis
- Acne Fulminans
Blackhead Acne is among the most common type of acne, which results when a follicle in the skin gets blocked and pushes through the skin surface. Blackheads are also as a result of skin producing too much oil, whereby, when the oil gets exposed to the air, it turns to black due to the build-up of melanin.
They are common in young people experiencing hormonal changes, although it can still affect older people. This type of acne can also be caused when the skin pores get clogged by dead skins or oil based cosmetics.
To prevent blackheads, skin cleanliness should be emphasized so as to remove dead skins and avoid irritation and scratching, which are also known to increase oil production in the skin.
Whitehead Acne is a type of acne caused by accumulation of oils or sebum on the skin pores. This blocks the skin follicles, leading to formation of lesions.
Whiteheads are white in color because the blocked follicles are not exposed to air otherwise; they could form blackheads. The characteristics of whiteheads are small, white bumps appearance on the skin.
Another type of acne is known as Papules and is characterized by red, tender bumps with no heads. These bumps usually do not contain pus, however; they should not be squeezed or poked. This can lead to serious skin irritation and also spreading of the acne.
Pustule Acne is characterized by red and inflamed pimples with white or yellow heads. Sometimes a brownish core caps the pus head. Pustules can be treated at home by using benzoyl peroxide creams or cleansers. Pustules should not be squeezed or popped, since that can aggravate their spread.
Acne Vulgaris is also a common type of acne which is easily identified. It is characterized by whiteheads, papules, painful nodules, blackheads and pustules. This type of acne can be treated using simple ointments and natural treatments.
Nodules are characterized by large inflamed lesions that occur deep within the skin dermis. In addition to that, they feel like a hard lump under the skin. Nodules develop as a result of rapture of follicle wall deep within the dermis. When dirty debris from the follicle empties onto the dermis, it affects the adjacent follicles, creating nodules. Squeezing or picking nodules can lead to scarring of the skin.
Cystic Acne is a type of acne characterized by soft, pus filled lesions, lying deep under the skin. Cysts develop due to spilling of blackhead or whitehead contents to the surrounding areas, prompting the immune system to fight back, producing pus in the process. The cysts are usually painful and they end up leaving scars on the affected skin area.
Acne Rosacea is a type of acne, which includes rashes on the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. It does not result to blackheads, although pimples, blemishes and bumps appear at long last. Other symptoms may include: sores, painful nodules and pustules. Acne rosacea usually affects women over the age of 30 years. Since this type of acne is a bit severe, it requires powerful treatments.
Acne Conglobata is a severe type of acne common in men, and is characterized by large lesions and blackheads consistent across the face. However, it can also affect the buttocks, chest, shoulders, upper arms, back and thighs. After healing, the affected parts are likely to be left with scars, because the skin is usually severely damaged. Treatment involves products that contain isotretinoin.
3 Weird and Uncommon Form of Acne – What Are They?
1.) Acne Fulminans
Acne Fulminans is a severe form of acne which is more prone to young Caucasian men. This type of acne is different from other types, because comes with fever and joint pains and does not respond well to antibiotics. However, it can be treated by products that contain isotretinoin and steroid medicines. The symptoms of acne fulminans include: ulcerating acne and severe nodulocystic.
2.) Gram-Negative Folliculitis
Acne can be classified into several categories based on the severity of the condition. The severity of the acne is decided on the basis of two factors and they are the surface area of the acne affected skin and the type of the lesion formed. Gram-Negative Folliculitis is undoubtedly a severe form of acne and the major reason behind this problem is the gram-negative organisms.
The word ‘gram’ stands for a blue stain used in laboratories to detect microscopic organisms and the name gram negative came into existence because a particular type of bacteria cannot be detected by the blue stain. Those who had complication with acne vulgaris and rosacea are more prone to this type of skin disease. Another possibility of getting affected with Gram-Negative Folliculitis is the prolonged use of antibiotics for acne treatment.
What are the Symptoms?
Gram-Negative Folliculitis is the inflammation of follicles caused by the bacterial infection. It shows symptoms like small pustules in the upper lip, chin and jaw in the early stages.The use of the antibiotic affects the normal balance of the bacteria in the nose, leading to an overgrowth of dangerous organisms (Gram-negative bacteria).
As far as the majority of the people are concerned the aggregate of all microorganisms in the nose will be back to normal after the medication. In some cases the spreading of gram-negative bacteria occurs and severe acne lesions will be the resultant factor. The symptoms of this particular skin disease can be traced in patients with acne who have a flare-up of pustular or cystic lesions. Those people who are showing resistance to the treatment of acne are highly prone to gram-negative folliculitis as well.
What are the Treatment Options for Gram-Negative Folliculitis?
The treatment of Gram-Negative Folliculitis may last for a longer period of time depending on the seriousness of the situation. Another important aspect is that the bacteria are resistant to a number of antibiotics. But Isotretinoin is an exception. This synthetic beta-carotene derivative stands tall among the medicines which eradicate this complex problem. Isotretinoin addresses the problem involved with facial lesions and nasal carriage.
The treatment may last for 3 to 5 months or even more according to the severity of the problem. The antibiotic effect of Isotretinoin against the organisms causing Gram-Negative Folliculitis is highly negative. This medicine acts on the main resources of the microorganisms with great effect and it also addresses the issue of sebum suppression.
This oral drug reduces the secretion of sebum with great effect. Complete cure or prolonged improvement has been traced in the patients within 15 to 20 weeks of the usage of this medicine and it is available in capsules of 10, 20, 30 & 40 mg. This medicine should be preserved in a temperature level of 15-30 C (59-86 F).
Though it should be used under the supervision of a medical practitioner the normally recommended dose of usage is 0.5 to 2 mg per kg of body weight daily. Isotretinoin should be taken with food in order to improve its absorption and the danger of the side effects will be minimized with the usage of this medicine. Since it is closely related to vitamin A additional consumption of vitamin A should not be encouraged.
Ampicillin and Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole are also being used to eradicate Gram-Negative Folliculitis and these medicines which hail from bacteriostatic group addresses the issues like carriage of gram-negative organisms and induce remission as well. The main disadvantage with these sorts of medicines is that the disease may reoccur once the therapy is discontinued.
The Ampicillin should be taken only under the supervision of a doctor and it is available in various forms like capsules and liquids. The usual method of prescription of this antibiotic is four times a day. It may cause some side effects like upset stomach, diarrhea and mild skin rash.
Septra (Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole) is a synthetic antibacterial combination product. The main contents include 80 mg trimethoprim and 400 mg sulfamethoxazole. There are some inactive contents like docusate sodium, magnesium stearate, povidone, and sodium starch glycolate. The major disadvantage with this medicine also is the aspect of side effects.
The side effects may be visible in the form of fever, sore throat, headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash. It can be taken only under the advice of a doctor and this antibiotic is being used more as a acne-controlling medicine. Once you stop this medicine there is a possibility of recurring infection. That is why the complete cure is not possible with this medicine.
There are some special cases of Gram-Negative Folliculitis which can be cured with Ticarcillin-Clavulanic Acid. The common trend is that most patients having this disease are also suffering from the ordinary acne. Once treatment for gram-negative folliculitis starts responding to these types of medications; residual acne must be treated with other methods. The common medicines available for the treatment of normal acne include etinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, cryotherapy, and other therapies. Then only the treatment becomes highly effective and complete.
There have been some cosmetic products available in the market which claims that acne with any amount of severity can be cured. The authenticity of these products has not been confirmed by the medical experts. When the patient does not react to the medicines properly the surgery becomes inevitable as well. But it has been commonly approved that proper amount of medication is absolutely vital to address the core issues as far as Gram-Negative Folliculitis is concerned.
Anyone having the issue of severe acne should be under the care of a good dermatologist and he or she will take the appropriate decision depending on the intensity of the disease and the nature of the skin tone of the patient.
Severe and disfiguring forms like Gram-Negative Folliculitis may require medication for a long period of time and there is a possibility that the patient can experience one or more treatment failures. The support of the family becomes very vital during the treatment because this type of disease can have a psychological impact on the patient.
The family members can act as the supporting agents which will make the patient really confident to get out of the situation. It has been scientifically proven that with proper medication and emotional support from the dear and near, Gram-Negative Folliculitis can be cured completely.
3.) Acne Mechanica (An Uncommon Form of Acne) – The Athletes Acne!
Acne is a common condition for a lot of people, but most especially those who are in their teens. Among young people, the most common cause of acne is the hormonal surge brought on by puberty. The imbalance in hormones causes the sebaceous glands to produce excessive amounts of sebum oil which result in skin pores becoming clogged and then infected, this is because the oil mixes with dead skin cells and dirt, a nasty combination.
Acne could also be caused by a lot of other things such as excessive use of make up and poor skin hygiene. However, a much more exclusive and relatively unknown kind of acne is what is known as, Acne Mechanica.
Acne Mechanica is type of acne that is caused by external agents and factors such as tight clothing, constant rubbing of items such as straps and other synthetic materials. If you find yourself getting acne despite keeping a balanced diet and a good hygiene, yet you are always plagued by the question of how to get rid of acne, then this must surely be the answer.
Acne Mechanica is a type of acne common in athletes because they constantly sweat and wear athletic clothing almost all of the time. It can develop on the facial area and other body parts where chafing is unavoidable. The main reason why athletes are the primary victims of this type of acne is because athletes are almost always required to wear thick and synthetically made materials, padded equipment and tight uniforms as well as those athletes that are required to carry heavy equipment such as helmets and pads as seen in American football players.
The common materials that are known to cause this skin condition are the ones made from synthetic products usually worn tightly or pressed against the body because of this they irritate the skin very easily. In addition to irritating materials being in contact with the skin, the heat generated by the activities that the athletes perform also aggravates the situation.
Age is also said to be a key factor when it comes to the development of Acne Mechanica. Young people who are aged between 12-22 are more prone to develop this kind of acne. The friction and the heat that is generated are most likely the cause of this skin problem. Now you know what generally causes acne mechanica it is time to go back to the primary reason you are reading this article – the treatment!
Fortunately there are effective ways to treat and prevent Acne Mechanica. The most common acne medication or treatment that could be used is a topical ointments such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. These ointments could be applied in the affected area and will usually aid in clearing up the acne.
To prevent the further development of this type of acne, one could wear cotton underwear or underclothes underneath any uniform so prevent the friction of harsh materials unto the sensitive skin. Lastly, one must take a shower as soon as possible to make sure that any dirt and dried sweat is cleansed from the skin.
In the end, acne is truly an avoidable condition for a lot of people, and eventually, people do outgrow acne. But for the meantime, one must maintain a balanced diet, good hygiene and proper exercise.
Here’s a Shortcut for Getting Rid of Acne Fast